Pocket CONCUSSION RECOGNITION TOOL™
To help identify concussion in children, youth and adults
RECOGNIZE & REMOVE
Concussion should be suspected if one or more of the following visible clues,signs, symptoms or errors in memory questions are present.
1. Visible clues of suspected concussion
Any one or more of the following visual clues can indicate a possible concussion:
- Loss of consciousness or responsiveness
- Lying motionless on ground / Slow to get up
- Unsteady on feet / Balance problems or falling over / Incoordination
- Grabbing / Clutching of head
- Dazed, blank or vacant look
- Confused / Not aware of plays or events
2. Signs and symptoms of suspected concussion
Presence of any one or more of the following signs & symptoms may suggest a concussion:
Loss of consciousness Dizziness
Seizure or convulsion Balance problems
Nausea or vomiting Drowsiness
More emotional Irritability
Sadness Fatigue or low energy
Nervous or anxious “Don’t feel right”
Difficulty remembering Headache
Confusion Sensitivity to noise
Feeling slowed down Amnesia
“Pressure in head” Feeling like “in a fog“
Blurred vision Neck pain
Sensitivity to light Difficulty concentrating
3. Memory function
Failure to answer any of these questions correctly may suggest a concussion.
- “What venue are we at today?”
- “Which half is it now?”
- “Who scored last in this game?”
- “What team did you play last week / game?”
- “Did your team win the last game?”
Any athlete with a suspected concussion should be IMMEDIATELY REMOVED
FROM PLAY, and should not be returned to activity until they are assessed medically. Athletes with a suspected concussion should not be left alone andshould not drive a motor vehicle.
It is recommended that, in all cases of suspected concussion, the player is referred to a medical professional for diagnosis and guidance as well as return to play decisions, even if the symptoms resolve.
- In all cases, the basic principles of first aid (danger, response, airway, breathing, circulation) should be followed.
- Do not attempt to move the player (other than required for airway support) unless trained to so do.
- Do not remove helmet (if present) unless trained to do so.